What’s the Difference between HTML and CSS?

Elizabeth Gow

Content Creator

The HTML to My CSS  

If you are in the beginning stages of learning code, one of the first things you may determine is the difference between HTML and CSS. When you see the two codes written out, you may think they are one-in-the-same, but they have different functions within a website. Let’s start with the basics!   

What Is HTML?  

The term HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. This language is used to establish the structure of a web page. Though HTML is used with CSS and JavaScript to design your website, HTML is considered the basic building block within the process.  

The difference between HTML and CSS lies in its attributes and elements that provide different properties. Each one of these elements contains an opening and a closing tag. Images can also be added using HTML. 

Example of HTML:  

 

What Is CSS?  

The term CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. This form of coding is used to style website documents. Things such as background color, font styles, and font sizing are achieved with CSS. A nice feature while using CSS is that several web pages can be designed with the same blueprints.  

The use of CSS is an industry-standard recommended by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Does the difference between HTML and CSS stop them from functioning as one? You guessed it, no! The two works seamlessly together with JavaScript to design the perfect website. 

Example of CSS:  

 

The Difference between HTML and CSS 

HTML… 

  • Defines a web page’s structure. 
  • Is enclosed with tags. 
  • Cannot be used within a CSS sheet. 
  • Is not used for presentation and visuals.  

CSS… 

  • Designs web pages by using different style features. 
  • Contains selectors and declaration blocks. 
  • Can be used within an HTML sheet. 
  • Is used for presentation and visuals. 

 

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